Inauguration Ceremony Opening of Aswan Dam 1902 for Admiral Farquhar
Rare Ceremony Pass housed in its original green leather wallet for the Opening Ceremony of The Aswan Low Dam or Old Aswan Dam December 1902. The Dam is a gravity masonry buttress dam on the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. The dam was built at the former first cataract of the Nile, and is located about 1000 km up-river and 690 km (direct distance) south-southeast of Cairo. When initially constructed between 1899 and 1902, nothing of its scale had ever been attempted; on completion, it was the largest masonry dam in the world. The dam was designed to provide storage of annual floodwater and augment dry season flows to support greater irrigation development and population growth in the lower Nile. The dam, originally limited in height by conservation concerns, worked as designed, but provided inadequate storage capacity for planned development and was raised twice, between 1907–1912 and again 1929–1933. These heightenings still did not meet irrigation demands and in 1946 it was nearly over-topped in an effort to maximize pool elevation. This led to the investigation and construction of the Aswan High Dam 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) upstream.
Following their 1882 invasion and occupation of Egypt, the British began construction of the first dam across the Nile in 1898. Construction lasted until 1902, and it was opened on 10 December 1902, by HRH the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. The project was designed by Sir William Willcocks and involved several eminent engineers of the time, including Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Aird, whose firm, John Aird & Co., was the main contractor. Capital and financing were furnished by Ernest Cassel.
The Ceremony Pass was given by the Egyptian Government to Captain later Admiral Richard Bowles Farquhar, C.B., Royal Navy (12 January, 1859 – 27 November, 1948) of HMS Intrepid. He was an officer of the Royal Navy. He was the second son of Admiral Arthur Farquhar and grandson of Rear-Admiral Farquhar who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. His eldest brother was Admiral Arthur Murray Farquhar.
"Inauguration de Reservoir du Nil"
Size: 11.5 x 8.5 cm approx