King George I Signed Warrant Alliance with France & Holy Roman Emperor 1718
Exceptionally rare document signed by George I (28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
George was born in Hanover and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne's closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.
During George's reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, now recognised as Britain's first de facto prime minister. George died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.
This documetn was signed in the fifth year of King George I reign and is signed boldly in black ink at the header of the document. George was active in directing British foreign policy during his early reign. In 1717 he contributed to the creation of the Triple Alliance, an anti-Spanish league composed of Great Britain, France and the United Provinces. In 1718 the Holy Roman Empire was added to the body which became known as the Quadruple Alliance. The subsequent War of the Quadruple Alliance involved the same issue as the War of the Spanish Succession. Thedocument concerns Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany (8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) and King Louis XV of France (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved.
The War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718–1720) was a result of the ambitions of King Philip V of Spain, his wife, Elisabeth Farnese, and his chief minister Giulio Alberoni to retake territories in Italy and to claim the French throne. It saw the defeat of Spain by an alliance of Britain, France, Austria (then a state of the Holy Roman Empire), and the Dutch Republic. Savoy later joined the coalition as the fifth ally. Although fighting began as early as 1717, war was not formally declared until December 1718. It was brought to an end by the Treaty of The Hague in 1720.
Our Will and Pleasure is, that you forthwith cause Our Great Seal of Great Britain to be affixed to Six Instruments bearing date with these present, Two whereof contain Our Ratifications of a Treaty of Alliance, lately signed by Our plenipatentiary together with those of Our good Brother the Emperor of Germany, and of Our good Brother, the most Christian King for preparing the publick Tranquility by adjusting the Conditions of Peace to be made between the good Emperor & the Kings of Spain and Sciliy respectively; Two others whereof contain Our Ratifications of the Separate and Secret articles belonging to the said Treaty; and two others contain our Ratifications of four Separate articles belonging likewise to the Treaty aforesaid; Copies of which said Treaty, of the sais Separate and Secret articles, & of the sd four Separate articles are, hereunto annexed, and for so doing this shall be your Warrant, Given at Our Court at Kensington 17th Day of August 1718, in the fifth year of Our Reign.
To Our Right Trust & Welbeloved
Councillor Thomas Lord Parker By his Majesty's Command
Our Chancellor of Great Britain J Craggs"
Size: 30.5 x 20 cm approx