Signed Royal Letter King William IV Thanks Nawab of Bengal for Portrait for Royal Collection 1836


Rare signed letter dated 14th September 1836 from King William IV (1765-1837) of the United Kingdom to Sayyid Mubarak Ali Khan II, the Nawab of Bengal (1810-1838), thanking him for a portrait he has received of him and his son and heir Mansur Ali Khan. The King thanks him for the present which he states will be added to the Royal Collection and sends his own full length portrait in thanks via the Governor General of India Lord Auckland. The letter is counter signed by John Hobhouse, 1st Baron Broughton (1786-1869), a British politician and diarist.

"William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, King of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Christian Faith, King of Hanover etc

His Highness
Mobaurik Ali Khan
Nabob of Bengal

We have received your friendly letter, and also presents which your Highness has sent to Us by the hands of Mr. Chinnery, of these tokens of your Esteem by far the most acceptable is that which contains the portraits of your Highness and of your Son; and We shall not fail to give to that valuable picture a place in Our Royal Coillection.

In order that your Highness may be fully aware of Our satisfaction, We have commaned that Our own Portrait, at full length, and in original, shall be transmitted to your Highness. Moreover, We have determined to confer upon your Highness the Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian xxx Order; and the insignia thereof, together with Our Portrait, will be duly conveyed to your Highness by Our trusty and well-beloved Councillor, Lord Auckland, Governor General of India.

We pry Almighty God to grant to your Highness many years of health and prosperity; and bidding you heartily farewell, remain

Your Friend

William R

Given at our Palace at St. James's the fourteenth day of September, A.D. 1836
and in the seventh year of Our Reign.

By His Majesty's Command

John Hobhouse"

He was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. The third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, he was the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover.

William served in the Royal Navy in his youth and was, both during his reign and afterwards, nicknamed the "Sailor King". He served in North America and the Caribbean. In 1789, he was created Duke of Clarence and St Andrews. Since his two older brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, he inherited the throne when he was 64 years old. His reign saw several reforms: the poor law was updated, child labour restricted, slavery abolished in nearly all of the British Empire, and the British electoral system refashioned by the Reform Act 1832. Although William did not engage in politics as much as his brother or his father, he was the last monarch to appoint a prime minister contrary to the will of Parliament. Through his brother, the Viceroy of Hanover, he granted his German kingdom a short-lived liberal constitution.

At the time of his death William had no surviving legitimate children, but he was survived by eight of the ten illegitimate children he had by the actress Dorothea Jordan, with whom he cohabited for twenty years. William was succeeded in the United Kingdom by his niece, Victoria, and in Hanover by his brother, Ernest Augustus.

Sayyid Mubarak Ali Khan II was the son of Ahmad Ali Khan and Nazib-un-nisa Begum Sahiba. He was the Nawab of Bengal from 1824 to 1838 and was succeeded by his son Mansur Ali Khan. He built the famous and renowned Hazarduari Palace and Mubarak Manzil in Murshidabad.

Broughton was the eldest son of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, 1st Baronet, and Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Cam. In 1816 he was with Byron after his separation from his wife, and contributed notes to the fourth canto of Childe Harold, which was dedicated to him. In 1820, he entered Parliament, sitting for Westminster.

Hobhouse is credited with the invention of the phrase His Majesty's (Loyal) Opposition made in 1826 during a speech in the House of Commons.  After the Whigs gained power in 1830 he served under Lord Grey as Secretary at War between 1832 and 1833, as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1833 and as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests in 1834. He was later President of the Board of Control under Lord Melbourne between 1835 and 1841 and under Lord John Russell between 1846 and 1852.

Size: 38 x 23.5 cm approx

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